It was intended to allow taxpayers a break on taxes on deferred income.
In 1980, a benefits consultant and attorney named Ted Benna took note of the previously obscure provision and figured out that it could be used to create a simple, tax-advantaged way to save for retirement.
Relative to investing outside of 401(k) plans, more income tax is paid but less taxes are paid overall with the 401(k) due to the ability to avoid taxes on capital gains.
For pre-tax contributions, the employee does not pay federal income tax on the amount of current income he or she defers to a 401(k) account, but does still pay the total 7.65% payroll taxes (social security and medicare).
Spiegazione: You normally talk about "self-liquidating loans", but the term posted is used.
Under the plan, retirement savings contributions are provided (and sometimes proportionately matched) by an employer, deducted from the employee's paycheck before taxation (therefore tax-deferred until withdrawn after retirement or as otherwise permitted by applicable law), and limited to a maximum pre-tax annual contribution of ,000 (as of 2017).
The Internal Revenue Code imposes severe restrictions on withdrawals of tax-deferred or Roth contributions while a person remains in service with the company and is under the age of 59½.
Any withdrawal that is permitted before the age of 59½ is subject to an excise tax equal to ten percent of the amount distributed (on top of the ordinary income tax that has to be paid), including withdrawals to pay expenses due to a hardship, except to the extent the distribution does not exceed the amount allowable as a deduction under Internal Revenue Code section 213 to the employee for amounts paid during the taxable year for medical care (determined without regard to whether the employee itemizes deductions for such taxable year).
Similar to the provisions of a Roth IRA, these contributions are made on an after-tax basis.The employee ultimately pays taxes on the money as he or she withdraws the funds, generally during retirement.The character of any gains (including tax-favored capital gains) is transformed into "ordinary income" at the time the money is withdrawn.For example, a worker who otherwise earns ,000 in a particular year and defers ,000 into a 401(k) account that year only reports ,000 in income on that year's tax return.Currently this would represent a near-term 0 saving in taxes for a single worker, assuming the worker remained in the 25% marginal tax bracket and there were no other adjustments (like deductions).