Citizens United appealed all the way to the United States Supreme Court—and won. Public could say anything he liked about politics, thanks to an extraordinarily broad interpretation of the meaning of “freedom of speech,” come election-time, so too could Wall Street, Big Oil, pharmaceutical companies, the tobacco industry, and billionaire cranks flood the airwaves with thousands of political commercials.
The gist of the decision could be boiled down to two words: Anything goes. In the immediate aftermath of the ruling, thousands of articles were written calling major media. Bush, and, most important, despite the fact that he would become arguably the single greatest beneficiary of the ruling. A new kind of political-action committee, called an “independent expenditure-only committee” in federal election code and super-pac everywhere else, super-pacs suddenly provided a medium through which unlimited sums could be raised from corporations and unions as well as wealthy individuals, and be spent with the express purpose of electing or defeating a specific candidate.
C., to strategize about the fall midterm elections. Back then, as senior adviser to President George W. More important, he was attempting to implement a master plan to build a permanent majority through which Republicans would maintain a stranglehold on all three branches of government for the foreseeable future. It represented a far more grandiose vision—the forging of a historic re-alignment of America’s political landscape, the transformation of America into effectively a one-party state. He had been one of the most powerful unelected officials in the United States, but, to many Republicans, his greatest achievement—engineering the presidency of George W.
Rove, then 59, had hosted this kind of event many times before. Bush—had become an ugly stain on the party’s reputation.
Rove and Gillespie pitched American Crossroads as an analogue to opposing groups such as Democracy Alliance or labor unions, which had historically supported Democrats. Then, there’s Karl Rove.”As the November 2, 2010, elections approached, Karl Rove had nearly completed a remarkable transformation.
But the 2002 Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act, better known as the Mc Cain-Feingold Act, specifically prohibited corporations (including non-profits) and unions from engaging in “electioneering communications” intended to influence the outcome of an election.
As a case in point, Citizens United, a conservative nonprofit group, produced a film critical of then senator Hillary Clinton, but had been prevented by the courts from promoting it on television or airing it during the 2008 election season.
Rove’s exact relationship to the group was informal and was described by Politico as providing “a laying-on of hands” to encourage wealthy Republican donors.
He and Gillespie took off for Texas to meet with Rove’s wealthy political donors, the money machine that had served him for more than 25 years, and came away with a major pledge from Dallas billionaire Harold Simmons, a longtime donor to Rove’s causes.