A place named Dulahazara, meaning "one thousand palanquins," still exists in the area.
After the Mughals, the place came under the control of the Tipras and the Arakanese, followed by the Portuguese and then the British.
The Captain rehabilitated many refugees in the area, but died in 1799 before he could finish his work.
To commemorate him, a market was established and named after him, called Cox's Bazar.
He embarked upon the task of rehabilitation and settlement of the Arakanese refugees in the area.
After the Sepoy Mutiny (Indian Rebellion of 1857) in 1857, the British East India Company was highly criticised and questioned on humanitarian grounds, specially for its opium trade monopoly over the Indian Sub-Continent.
But it is famous mostly for its long natural sandy beach.
The municipality covers an area of 6.85 km When the Mughal Prince Shah Shuja was passing through the hilly terrain of the present-day Cox's Bazar on his way to Arakan, he was attracted to its scenic and captivating beauty. His retinue of one thousand palanquins stopped there for some time.
He wanted to attract tourists as well as to protect the beach from tsunami.
He donated much of his father-in-law's and his own lands as sites for constructing a public library and a town hall.